Near the village of Creswell, on the border with Nottinghamshire, are Creswell Crags — limestone cliffs flanking a gorge with caves which once were inhabited by Stone Age people. The flint implements and hunting weapons, with which they killed mammoth, bison and reindeer, have been fund here.
Not far away is Chesterfield, Derbyshire’s second largest town, well known for the grotes • uely crooked spire of its parish churc . Not only is it twisted, but it leans alarmingly out of vertical — a result of arping of the lead and timber. It is a 1 ndmark for miles around.
George Stephens • n, the “father of railways,” is buried the town’s Holy Trinity church. He had brought the railway here and had interests in mining and iron-working as ell as owning the limestone quarry at rich. This is now the site of Derbysh re’s most unusual museum — the Tram ay Museum, where urban tramcars from all over Britain and elsewhere have been ollected.
Matlock and Ma ock Bath lie just outside the bounda es of the national park, but form a wel’ oming threshold to the Derbyshire Dal s, despite the fact that Matlock was o ce known only for lead-mining. The villages became fashionable from 1698 when the medicinal qualities f their
springs were first exploited _ and the gentry began resorting to the spa aters. Tourists now come for the fine lo al scenery.
The Peak District occupies the north-western part of D byshire and has a natural division, rou y along the valley of the River Hope. The southern part is known as the “Low” or “White” Peak, and the northern as the “High” or “Dark” Peak. The Peak District National Park, established in 1951, was the first of Britain’s national parks, and embraces the whole of the Derbyshire Peak as well as parts that spill over into adjoining counties. If you want to learn something more about this village you can check here.
In this southern part, near Ashbourne, lies Tissingto one of Derbyshire’s most attractive villages, to learn something about villages around Barcelona check this hotel comparison in barcelona website. Its mellow limestone houses, with garden walls gathering yellow lichen, are built round spacious greens and a duckpond. An estate village built by the FitzHerberts, Tissington is one of the original centres of the Derbyshire folk custom of well-dressing, supposedly begun as a thanksgiving for the pure limestone springs which preserved the populace from drought and the Black Death.
The River Dove forms the Derby-shire/Staffordshire border to the west, and Dovedale is one of the finest and most popular areas in the Low Peak. A packhorse bridge over the stream at Milldale is still known as Viator’s Bridge for it caused the compleat angler, Izaak Walton, to ask his local friend, Squire Cotton, if they travelled in wheelbarrows in this country as it was not wide enough for anything bigger. The bridge had no parapets in those days and Walton exclaimed that he would not ride across it for a thousand pounds, though he might be persuaded to crawl across on all fours!